Vía Orgánica desea recordarle que Ud. es lo que come y lo que compra. Cada decisión de compra, o apoya nuestra insostenible economía de siempre, o se dirige hacia una verde, más saludable, y más equitativa sociedad.
Millones de responsables consumidores verdes y preocupados por la salud alrededor del mundo están rompiendo las cadenas del control corporativo en sus vidas, apoyando solo lo orgánico, lo de Comercio Justo, a los agricultores, negocios y productos de pequeña escala y locales.
La calidad y variedad de los productos esenciales de uso diario de México ahora está siendo dictada y degradada por una poderosa y amenazante red de Marcas además de grandes cadenas de almacenes. Mega (Costco), Bodega Aurrera (Wal-Mart/Walmex), y Soriana están rápidamente cambiando la manera en que los mexicanos hacen sus compras, cambiándolos a mega consumidores al estilo de EEUU. .
En EEUU hemos presenciado los daños que han hecho las grandes cadenas de tiendas como Wal-Mart, a las prácticas laborales justas, reduciendo sueldos, negando beneficios, quebrantando los sindicatos y enviando “trabajos” al exterior. Wal-Mart ha destruído el medio ambiente y la economía local violando la Ley de Agua Limpia, incrementando la distancia en que los alimentos “viajan” desde el rancho hasta la mesa (las llamadas millas de alimentos) y llevando a la ruina a las pequeñas tiendas independientes, bajando los precios, todo a enormes expensas de los contribuyentes de EEUU.
Hoy, lo mismo está pasando en México. Walmex/Sam’s Club actualmente operan 1,410 tiendas en todo México, es el mas grande empleador del país. Soriana cuenta con 471 tiendas, mientras que Comercial Mexicana (Mega, City Market, Costco) opera 191.
Subcontratando de explotadoras fábricas y campos, arrinconando la salud pública y el medio ambiente, absorbiendo miles de millones de dólares en subsidios de los contribuyentes, empresas gigantes como Wal-Mart, Soriana, y otros han construído un vasto centro comercial global de baratelas y amenidades, reforzado por una continua distracción multi-media 24 horas diarias 7 días de la semana.
Si queremos preservar nuestra salud y el medio ambiente, si queremos dramáticamente reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero y estabilizar el clima, si queremos apoyar una economía local de productores orgánicos en San Miguel. Diga “NO” a las grandes tiendas y las cadenas de comida chatarra. Compre y coma en tiendas y restaurantes como Vía Orgánica, Natura, Bové, Sollano 16 que compran de sus comunidades, pagan sueldos justos y promueven la salud y la sustentabilidad en San Miguel.
Wal-Mart’s True Cost to Taxpayers
Because Wal-Mart fails to pay sufficient wages, U.S. taxpayers are forced to pick up the tab. In this sense, Wal-Mart’s profits are not only made on the backs of its employees-but on the [back] of every U.S. taxpayer.” Representative George Miller (CA)
The cost of a single Wal-Mart
Everyday Low Wages: The Hidden Price We All Pay for Wal-Mart, a report by the Democratic staff of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, U.S. House of Representatives, February 16, 2004
What Wal-Mart gets from your local, state, and federal tax dollars
Since 1992, the supermarket industry has experienced a net loss of 13,500 stores.
Fickes, Michael. “Big Boxers have big expansion plans.” Retail Traffic. 1 December 2002.
Wal-Mart and labor abuses
Wal-Mart and the environment
Wal-Mart general facts
This fact sheet was put together by the Organic Consumers Association
By Aaron Ludensky, CampusProgress, September 15, 2008
The company has a history of (not) dealing with workers’ rights and shirking on employee benefits.
There are a lot of reasons to dislike Wal-Mart. From running small-town businesses into the ground to its notorious environmental “green washing,” Wal-Mart has a reputation for being the big corporation everyone loves to hate.
But the company’s most egregious problems are with labor. Accusations against the company range from workers being denied overtime to union busting. The company’s corporate management insists that these accusations are unfounded and that this rhetoric is slander meant to bring down the company. But Wal-Mart continues to pay out millions of dollars in settlements from lawsuits brought against the company. In the last two years, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) ruled against Wal-Mart six times for activities related to union-busting. Read more
By Alexander Hanrath, Bloomberg News, February 8, 2004
Standing in his cramped stall in Mexico City’s Bugambilla market — a concrete building teeming with food, flowers, and household items — Jorge Llerena says his profit from selling beans and rice has dropped 5 percent in the past two years.
The reason: Customers he’s had for two decades are shopping at the Wal-Mart de Mexico SA supercenter five minutes away.
“Wal-Mart has a better range of products,” says Llerena, 52, rubbing his gray stubble in his 10-by-10-foot booth. “To keep business, we’ve had to sacrifice our profit margins.”
Llerena isn’t the only one whose profits are suffering. Wal- Mart’s three biggest rivals — supermarkets Organizacion Soriana SA, Controladora Comercial Mexicana SA, and Grupo Gigante SA –say their combined earnings plunged 42 percent to 2.7 billion pesos ($249 million) in 2002 from 4.6 billion pesos in 1999 as they tried to match Wal-Mart’s prices. In the same year, Wal-Mart de Mexico earned 4.9 billion pesos.
The world’s biggest company by sales set up shop in Mexico in 1991 with a Sam’s Club warehouse in Mexico City. Its early stores were 50-50 partnerships with Mexico’s biggest retailing chain, Cifra SA.
In 1996, Wal-Mart merged its Mexican stores into Cifra and paid $1.2 billion for a 62 percent stake in the new company, which it called Wal-Mart de Mexico.
Shares of Wal-Mart de Mexico, 38 percent of which trade on the Mexico City Stock Exchange, have more than doubled since the company’s creation. Now valued at $14 billion, Walmex, as it’s known, is Mexico’s third-biggest stock, behind Telefonos de Mexico SA and America Movil SA.
Since Wal-Mart moved in, everything from Mexico’s work force to the country’s inflation rate to the efficiency of suppliers has been affected. The company makes 92 percent of its purchases, or about $8 billion a year, in Mexico. That’s equal to 1.3 percent of Mexico’s gross domestic product.
Since 2001, Walmex has added 26,000 jobs. Mexico’s unemployment rate rose to a six-year high of 4 percent in August 2003. Today, Walmex is Mexico’s largest private employer, with about 101,000 workers. That compares with 38,000 at Organizacion Soriana, its closest competitor. During the same period, rival Controladora Comercial Mexicana shed 12 percent of its employees as it acquired a smaller rival.
For some job hunters, Walmex is the only game in town. “I looked for a job for a year and a half after leaving high school, and finally, I was happy to find this,” says Jocelyn Robles, 18, who was making $1 an hour stocking shelves for the Christmas season at Walmex’s supercenter in the Buenavista neighborhood of Mexico City. She says the pay is “OK” — similar to what her friends earn.
Walmex discourages its employees from joining unions. It pays an organization to negotiate collective contracts to comply with labor laws, says Marco Antonio Torres of the Center for Labor Studies. He says Walmex keeps the contracts on hand to meet legal requirements. Walmex says it acts in line with competitors.
Walmex has helped reduce Mexico’s inflation rate, says Edgar Amador, an economist at Stone & McCarthy Research Associates in Mexico City. That’s because goods that Walmex sells, such as Lala milk and Tia Rosa tortillas, account for 42 percent of the items the central bank uses to measure prices.
“One unknown ally of the central bank’s success against inflation has been Walmex,” Amador says. “It goes all the way down the chain to the producer.” In 2002, Walmex’s demands on suppliers led Mexico’s Federal Competition Commission to investigate what it called “monopolistic practices in self-service stores.” The commission was suspicious that Walmex was using its size to force suppliers to sell at better terms than to competing stores. On March 6, 2003, it ended the probe, saying there was no evidence of monopolistic practices.
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